In contemporary Indonesian Buddhist perspective, candi also refers to a shrine, either ancient or new.
Several contemporary viharas in Indonesia for example, contain the actual-size replica or reconstruction of famous Buddhist temples, such as the replica of Pawon and Plaosan's perwara (small) temples.
The whole temple is a model of Hindu universe according to Hindu cosmology and the layers of Loka.
The candi structure and layout recognize the hierarchy of the zones, spanned from the less holy to the holiest realms.
Another theory from Buddhist perspective, suggested that the term "candi" might be a localized form of the Pali word cedi (Sanskrit: caitya) — which related to Thai word chedi which refer to a stupa, or it might be related to the bodhisattva Candī (also known as Cundī or Candā).