Such a deadline may convince a middle-aged person that their life needs to be lived as expected.
Regular exercise and maintenance of a nutritious diet may help to sustain one's physical and mental health during these years of transition.
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Being of a lower educational status is related to feeling stressors to a greater degree than those of a higher education level during midlife.
Studies indicate that some cultures may be more sensitive to this phenomenon than others; one study found that there is little evidence that people undergo midlife crises in Japanese and Indian cultures, raising the question of whether a mid-life crisis is mainly a cultural construct.
The authors hypothesized that the "culture of youth" in Western societies accounts for the popularity of the mid-life crisis concept there.
Researchers have found that mid-life is often a time for reflection and reassessment, but this is not always accompanied by the psychological upheaval popularly associated with "mid-life crisis." Mid-life crisis can affect men and women differently because their stressors differ.
This may produce feelings of depression, remorse, and anxiety, or the desire to achieve youthfulness or make drastic changes to current lifestyle. More modern research has shown this is not a phase that most middle-aged people actually experience, and some have questioned the existence of this phenomenon.