If there are two winners in a category, they split the money equally.
Every year, thousands of scientists around the world are invited to nominate people for a Nobel Prize.
(No one can nominate themselves.) Groups at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden, evaluate nominees for the physics and chemistry prizes.
In fact, much of science occurs in areas beyond those fields.
Say some scientist had figured out how to accurately predict earthquakes. “It would perfectly meet the notion of Alfred Nobel to benefit mankind,” Friedman notes.
This is the ability to stop someone from feeling pain, or to render them unconscious. It let doctors perform delicate surgeries without causing terrible suffering. So no one ever received a Nobel Prize for this achievement.