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The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples.

In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia.

Thus, the name "Venezuela" may have evolved from the native word.

Venezuela covers 916,445 km There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains.

Additionally, there is the Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution.

The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written.

This new constitution officially changed the name of the country to República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela).