By that time the violence in Kansas had largely subsided, but during the Civil War, on August 21, 1863, William Quantrill led several hundred men on a raid into Lawrence, destroying much of the city and killing nearly 200 people.
He was roundly condemned by both the conventional Confederate military and the partisan rangers commissioned by the Missouri legislature.
Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west.
The state is divided into 105 counties with 628 cities, and is located equidistant from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.