It had been lost but was discovered, in a Coptic version dating from c.350, at Nag Hammadi in 1945–46, and three papyri, dated to c.Amen." Ancient biographies were concerned with providing examples for readers to emulate while preserving and promoting the subject's reputation and memory, and so they included both propaganda and kerygma (preaching) in their works.
For other uses, see Gospel music, Gospel (disambiguation), or The Four Gospels (disambiguation). 70 AD and the end of the 1st century, by anonymous authors, and stand at the end of a process of oral and written tradition that began on, or even before, the death of Jesus.
For various reasons modern scholars are cautious of relying on them uncritically, In consequence there was little motivation to write anything down for future generations, but as eyewitnesses began to die, and as the missionary needs of the church grew, there was an increasing demand and need for written versions of the founder's life and teachings.
He states that he offers no sign as proof (Mark) or only the sign of Jonah (Matthew and Luke).
Jesus preaches in Jerusalem, launching his ministry with the cleansing of the temple.
Marcion's critics alleged that he had edited out the portions he didn't like from the then canonical version, though Marcion is said to have argued that his text was the more genuinely original one.